Discoloring Skin Tone? What Causes Hyperpigmentation

discoloration

Discoloration of skin and appearance of patches and spots on the skin is often linked to Hyperpigmentation. Acne marks, psoriasis, and eczema contribute to the uneven skin tone and spots. The areas affected by hyperpigmentation appear darker than the surrounding skin. High level of sun exposure can exacerbate the condition.

Hyperpigmentation can be caused by various reasons.

Melasma

This type of discoloration is common among dark-skinned women. An obvious change in skin color can be noticed in specific areas like above the lips, nose, forehead or cheeks. Melasma is caused by hormonal imbalance women’s body experiences during pregnancy. Chances are, this discoloration might go away once the natural hormonal balance is restored.

Brown patches caused by Melasma are usually symmetrical and typically occupy the face. However, in some cases, patches might appear in abdomen, neck and forearms.

Chances of Melasma affecting your skin increases if you’re consuming oral contraceptive, antidepressants orundergoing hormonal therapy.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

PIH is caused by trauma to the skin. Severe conditions like eczema, psoriasis and acne breakout cause inflammation. This boosts the pigmentation process, which results in dark spots. This condition can affect all skin types and ages; however, likelihood of hyperpigmentation is higher in people with high sun exposure.

An easy way to determine PIH is to look for these signs:

  • Brown patches or pigmentation will appear in the area affected by inflammation
  • A discoloured patch appears after the inflammation is reduced or an acne spot is healed
  • The patches are usually light brown or black
  • The patches tend to go darker, when exposed to sunlight

Sun Damage

skin discolor

UV rays take a toll on your skin. People who are always out in the sun are prone to hyperpigmentation. This process of heightened pigmentation might have begun as early as your teens, if you’re experiencing brown patches in your late 30s.

Sun damage looks a lot like freckles. They may be light red in the initial stages, but with time, they change color from red to brown. With continuous sun exposure, these sun spots tend to get darker.

These marks usually affect the areas exposed to the sun like, face, hands, neck, or chest. Sun spots are easily identifiable and should be treated immediately. Sun damage can also be a sign of melanoma development, so be very vigilant. If the spot is spreading or changing color, seek professional help.

Prestige Cosmetic Clinic and Organic Aesthetic Spa uses natural and medical resources to treat all type of skin damage and conditions.

We facilitate all type of beauty enhancement and skin rejuvenation needs. Our medi-spa in Calgary offers expansive services like, Microneedling therapy, Botox, Acne treatment, Dermaplaning, IPL Photo Facial, Chemical peels, Derma fillers, Skin tightening and various other treatments.